Czech culture area
In 1526 the Czechs came to be ruled by the Habsburg family of Austria, and in 1620 they lost their independence, and their lands became Austrian provinces. The Czechs regained their freedom in 1918 and, together with the Slovaks, formed the Republic of Czechoslovakia from the former Czech Lands.
The first large groups of Czechs emigrated to Texas in the early 1850s from villages near the town of Lanškroun in the northeastern corner of Bohemia. Another large group of Bohemians came from the village of Čermná. Later immigrants came primarily from the northeastern part of Moravia, with about 80 percent from the ethnographic regions of Valachia and Lachia.