Object: Certificate

I-0393d

I-0393d
Certificate, First Communion
German-American
New Braunfels, TX
1867
Materials: paper, wood

This is a framed First Communion Certificate, from St. Peter and Paul Catholic Church in New Braunfels, Texas. In the Catholic faith, a child goes through three sacraments: baptism, communion, and confirmation. Out of the seven sacred sacraments, these three are the most important in the early years of a child’s life, and part of the journey in bringing them into the Catholic faith. The seven sacred sacraments are ceremonies that Christians participate as part of their devotion to God as Christians. The First Communion ceremony is an important celebration for Catholic children, their families, and the church community. Children typically have their First Communion around the age of 7 or 8. Prior to receiving Communion, the child will have participated in confession, and may be asked to actively participate during the Mass on that day, and often assist in decorating the church for the occasion. Girls typically wear white dresses and boys wear suits as part of the ceremony, which often includes a procession or special gathering for the children prior to receiving their First Communion. After the ceremony and accompanying Mass, the families will often have a small party to celebrate and the children are usually given gifts and a First Communion Certificate to mark the occasion. This certificate was made in 1867, and is written in German, as German immigrants were building their settlements in Texas.

The town of New Braunfels, Texas was established in 1845 by German immigrants who came to Texas during the mid-19th century. The German population was the largest of the European ethnicities that came to Texas by entering through Galveston Island. The location of New Braunfels proved beneficial as it was close to the Guadalupe River and Comal River, giving the community access to fresh water. Once settled in New Braunfels the German Catholic community built its religious center, St. Peter and Paul Catholic Church, during the mid 19th century.

In the Catholic Church, baptizing a child is considered a promise to raise that child as a Christian so that they can become active members when they are adults. That child’s First Communion is an active step on the part of the child to become fully integrated members of the Catholic community, whereas the baptism was their family’s choice. Confirmation is the final step, as this ritual is when the child decides that they want to live their life as a devout Christian and accept Christianity as their faith.

The following video shows a First Communion Ceremony in a Catholic church.

eucharist

Photo via: St. Louis King of France Catholic Church, http://www.st-louis.org

Gifts are often given to children who have their First Communion. These gifts can range from personal crosses, rosaries, prayer books, Bibles, and even Christian themed jewelry. With the completion of a First Communion, a child is given a certificate of their First Communion. This First Communion Certificate has an image to two women kneeling before an altar to receive the Holy Eucharist in Communion, which is fitting with the document’s purpose as a First Communion Certificate. [Caitlin VanWie, edited by Kathryn S. McCloud]

Additional Resources:

Briggs, Charles Augustus. 1903. “Catholic: The Name and the Thing”. The American Journal of Theology. 7 (3): 417-442.

Hérault, Laurence. 1999. “Learning Communion”. Anthropology Today. 15 (4): 4-8.

McGinness, Frederick J. 1988. “”Roma Sancta” and the Saint: Eucharist, Chastity, and the Logic of Catholic Reform”. Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques. 15 (1): 99-116.

McGrail, Peter. 2007. First communion ritual, church and popular religious identity. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.

Printy, Michael. Enlightenment and the Creation of German Catholicism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

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