Object: Necklace

I-0432d scan
I-0432d
Necklace
Lucille Alexander
Alabama-Coushatta
Texas
Date: ca. 1989
Materials: Leather & glass

Applique2

Photo via: OLChemist, Pow Wow Committee on forums.powwows.com

This object is a necklace made by Lucille Alexander. This necklace has a brown woven cord with a circular medallion fastened to it. The medallion is bead-covered leather with a design of a black and white abstract bird on a red background, currently used as the logo for the Alabama-Coushatta tribe. The beading on this medallion was done in the “double needle applique” technique, sometimes referred to as “spot stitch.”

The following video illustrates how this type of stitching is used to bead rosettes using contemporary materials.

Lucille Alexander, the artist who made this necklace, was a member of the Alabama-Coushatta tribe. The Alabama and Coushatta were originally two separate tribes that both lived near Montgomery, Alabama. In 1763, both tribes began to migrate west because of settlers encroaching on their land. They both eventually settled in Texas, the Alabama on the Neches River and the Coushatta on the Trinity River. Both tribes participated in the Mexican War of Independence from Spain.

indian-res-map

Photo via: Texas Politics, University of Texas

Over three hundred Alabama and Coushatta men fought at the battles of Salado and San Antonio with Samuel Kemper’s Republican Army. When Texas became a Republic, President Lamar set aside land for both tribes, however, it was not until six years later that the Alabama Indians received their reservation. Fourteen years after the Alabama tribe moved onto their reservation, the Coushatta tribe joined them and shared the reservation land. The tribes were effectively joined in 1918 when they were federally recognized. The reservation is located seventeen miles east of Livingston, Texas. [Amber Beck, edited by Kathryn S. McCloud]

Additional Resources:

Callaway, Mindy. 2001. Native American Beadwork: Techniques and Samples, Glass Beads. Austin: Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Texas at Austin.

Prindle, Tara. Native American Technology and Art Glass Beadwork: Applique Techniques with Glass Beads.

Howard N. Martin, “ALABAMA-COUSHATTA INDIANS,” Handbook of Texas Online

A Brief History of the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas.

Hook, Jonathan B. 1997. The Alabama-Coushatta Indians. College Station: Texas A & M University Press.

Stanley-Millner, Pamela. 1996. North American Indian Beadwork Patterns. [S.l.]: Dover Publications.

Advertisements

Tags: , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

The TARL Blog

Experimenting with collections access since 2013

Museum Anthropology

Experimenting with collections access since 2013

Center for the Future of Museums

Experimenting with collections access since 2013

TAMEC

Experimenting with collections access since 2013

Smithsonian Collections Blog

Experimenting with collections access since 2013

Digital Scholarship in the Humanities

Exploring the digital humanities

ethnology @ snomnh

experimenting with social microexhibitions since 2007

%d bloggers like this: